Socio-Religious Movements MCQ

1. Which category of population were primarily attracted by Religious reform movements of the nineteenth century? 
(i) Intellectuals 
(ii) Urban upper castes
 (iii) Poor ordinariness class 
(iv) Liberal princes

3. Which of the following class has been influenced by Western civilization firstly? 
(a) Noble landlords
 (b) New rich merchants
 (c) Educated Hindu middle class
 (d) Educated Muslims

8. Who is considered as the Prophet of Nationalism?
(a) M. K. Gandhi (b) Ram Mohn Roy
 (c) Rabindranath Tagore (d) Dayanand Saraswati

9. Who is considered as the first ‘Modern Man’ of India? 
(a) Nana Saheb 
(b) A. O. Hume
(c) Raja Ram Mohan Roy 
(d) Swami Vivekanand

10. The First Society founded by Raja Ram Mohan Roy was: 
(a) Brahma Samaj (b) Atmiya Sabha
(c) Brahma Sabha (d) Tatvabodhini Sabha

18. The Samadhi of Raja Rammohan Roy is in :
 (a) Kolkata (b) Patna
 (c) Bristol, England (d) Canada

19. Consider the following:
 1. Calcutta Unitarian Committee
 2. Tabernacle of New Dispensation
 3. Indian Reform Association

 Keshav Chandra Sen is associated with the establishment of which of the above? 
(a) 1 and 3 only (b) 2 and 3 only
 (c) 3 only           (d) 1, 2 and 3

20. The founder of ‘Bhartiya Brahmo Samaj’ was :
(a) Devendranath Tagore
(b) Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
(c) Keshav Chandra Sen
(d) Raja Ram Mohan Roy

21. Who founded the Adi Brahmasamaj?
(a) Devendranath Tagore
(b) Keshav Chandra Sen
(c) Raja Ram Mohan Roy
(d) Ravindranath Tagore

23. The Brahmo Samaj is based on the principle of :
 (a) Monotheism (b) Polytheism
 (c) Atheism (d) Monism

24. Which of the following were not protested by Raja Ram Mohan Roy? 
(a) Child marriage (b) Sati system
 (c) Western education (d) Idolatry

25. Which of the following statements is/are correct regarding Brahmo Samaj? 
1. It opposed idolatry.

 2. It denied the need for a priestly class for interpreting the religious texts

 3. It popularized the doctrine that the Vedas are infallible. 

 Select the correct answer using the code given below :
(a) Only 1 (b) 1 and 2
 (c) Only 3 (d) 1, 2 and 3

26. Which one the following social reformers strongly opposed Jury Act of 1826'?  
(a) Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
 (b) Raja Ram Mohan Roy
 (c) Mahadev Govind Ranade
(d) Rajnarayan Basu

33. Who among the following famous reformers wrote the books Jnyana Yoga, Karma Yoga, and Raja Yoga? 
(a) Swami Vivekananda
 (b) Ranade
 (c) Raja Ram Mohan Roy
(d) Ramakrishna Paramahansa

34. Who was the founder of Ram Krishna Mission?
(a) Ramkrishna Paramhansa
 (b) M.N. Das Gupta
 (c) Swami Vivekananda
 (d) Swami Rangnath Nanda

37. Swami Vivekanand established Ramakrishna Mission in the year 
(a) 1861 (b) 1891
 (c) 1893 (d) 1897

39. Who was Sharadamani?
(a) Wife of Raja Rammohan Roy
(b) Wife of Ramakrishna Paramahansa
(c) Mother of Vivekananda
(d) Daughter of Keshab Chandra Sen.

41. The year Arya Samaj founded :
(a) 1865 (b) 1870
 (c) 1875 (d) 1880

43. Who of the following is responsible for the revival of Vedas: 
(a) Rama Krishna Paramhans
 (b) Ramanuja
 (c) Swami Dayanand Saraswati
(d) Swami Vivekanand

45. Who among the following is known as ‘Martin Luther of India’? 
(a) Swami Dayanand Saraswati
 (b) Raja Ram Mohan Roy
(c) Swami Vivekanand
 (d) Swami Shraddhanand

46. ‘Satyarth Prakash’ was written by –
(a) Raja Rammohan Roy
 (b) Mahatma Gandhi
 (c) Swami Vivekanand
 (d) Swami Dayanand Saraswati

49. ‘Satyarth Prakash’ is a sacred book of-
 (a) Arya Samaj 
(b) Brahmo Samaj
(c) Theosophical Society 
(d) Prarthana Samaj

51. Which among the following organizations supported Shuddhi movement? 
(a) Arya Samaj (b) Brahmo Samaj
 (c) Dev Samaj (d) Prarthana Samaj

53. Who of the following said, ‘ good Government is no substitute for Self-Government’? 
(a) Lokmanya Tilak 
(b) Swami Vivekananda
(c) Swami Dayanand 
(d) Ravindranath Tagore

54. Who amongst the following first used the word ‘Swaraj’ and accepted Hindi as the national language? 
(a) Raja Ram Mohan Roy 
(b) Swami Dayanand
(c) Swami Vivekanand 
(d) Bal Gangadhar Tilak

55. Arrange the following in chronological order :
 1. Tulsidas
 2. Raja Rammohan Roy
 3. Swami Vivekanand
 4. Dayanand Saraswati

Ans. chronological order :-
Tulsidas.....Ram Mohan Roy....Dayanand Saraswati.....Vivekanand

✓Tulsidas:- 16th century AD
✓Ram Mohan Roy:- 1772-1833 AD
✓Dayanand Saraswati:- 1824-1883 AD
✓Vivekanand:- 1863-1902 AD

57. Who was the founder of ‘Prarthana Samaj’?
(a) Atmaram Pandurang (b) Tilak
 (c) M.G. Chandrakar (d) M.G. Ranade

**60. Who was the chief director of Prarthana Samaj in Maharashtra? 
(a) R.G. Bhandarkar 
(b) M.G. Ranade
 (c) Pandit Ramabai 
(d) Gopal Ganesh Agarkar

61. Who among the following was the founder of ‘Dev Samaj’? 
(a) Vallabhbhai Patel
 (b) Dadabhai Naoroji
 (c) Shiv Narayan Agnihotri
 (d) Ramakrishna Paramhansa

62. In 1873 who founded Satya Shodhak Samaj?
(a) Gopal Krishna Gokhale 
(b) Jyotiba Phule
(c) Shiv Nath Shastri 
(d) None of the above

65. Which one of the following was the author of ‘Gulamgiri.’ 
(a) B.R. Ambedkar (b) Jyotiba Phule
 (c) Mahatma Gandhi (d) Periyar

70. Satya Shodhak Samaj organized
(a) A movement for upliftment of tribals in Bihar
(b) A temple-entry movement in Gujarat
(c)An anti-caste movement in Maharashtra
(d) A peasant movement in Punjab

71. The Bengali leader who opposed socio-religious reforms and supported orthodoxy was 
(a) Radhakant Deb 
(b) Nemisadhan Bose
(c) Hemchandra Biswas 
(d) Hemchandra De

72. Which of the above following was started in opposition to the religious /social ideas of Ram Mohan Roy? 
(a) Digdarshan (b) Samachar Chandrika
 (c) Samvad Kaumudi (d) Bengal Gazette

73. Who was the founder of Radha Swami Satsang?
 (a) Haridas Swami
 (b) Shivdyal Sahab
 (c) Shiv Narayan Agnihotri
(d) Swami Shraddhananda

*76. The campaign for widow remarriage in Maharashtra was led by : 
 (a) Vishnu Parashuram Pandit
 (b) B.M. Malabari
 (c) Gopal Hari Deshmukh.
 (d) Dadabhai Naoroji

*77. The Greatest Parsi Social reformer of the 19th century was: 
(a) Sir Jamshedji (b) Sir Rustom Behramji
 (c) Navalji Tata (d) Behramji M. Mallabari

✓Age of Consent Act, 1891 was passed by his efforts.

78. In which year ‘The Age of Consent Act’ was passed?
(a) 1856 (b) 1891
 (c) 1881 (d) 1905

79. His principle forte was social and religious reform. He relied upon legislation to do away with social ills and worked unceasingly for the eradication of child marriage, the purdah system. To encourage consideration of social problems on a national scale, he inaugurated the Indian National Social Conference, which for many years met for its annual sessions alongside the Indian National Congress. 

 Their reference in this passage is to:
(a) Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
 (b) Behramji Merwanji Malabari
 (c) Mahadev Govind Ranade
 (d) B.R. Ambedkar

**81. Which of these statements are correct?
1. Arya Samaj was founded in 1875

2. Lala Lajpat Rai opposed the appeal of Arya Samaj to the authority of Vedas in support of its social reform programme. 

3. Under Keshab Chandra Sen, Brahmo Samaj campaigned for women’s education 

 4. Vinoba Bhave founded the Sarvodaya Samaj to work among refugees 

✓Lala Lajpat Rai = member of Arya Samaj +did not oppose the appeal of Arya Samaj.

82. In which year “The Hindu Widow Remarriage Act’ was passed? 
(a) 1856       (b) 1858
 (c) 1859        (d) 1862

83. Which of the following Act was passed in 1856?
 (i) Religious Disabilities Act
 (ii) Sati Prohibition Act
 (iii) Hindu Widow Remarriage Act
 (iv) Policy of Annexation

Choose the correct option from the codes given below:
 (a) i and ii     (b) i and iii
 (c) iii and iv  (d) i, ii, and iv

84. The name of D.K. Karve of Western India figures in the context of which of the following? 
(a) Sati Pratha 
(b) Infanticide 
(c) Women Education 
(d) Widow Remarriage

85. Who among the following prominently fought for and got widow remarriage legalized ? 
(a) Annie Besant
 (b) Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
 (c) M.G. Ranade
(d) Raja Ram Mohan Roy

86. "I have no time to think about God because a lot of work has to be done on this earth" whose statement is above ? 
(a) Swami Vivekanand
(b) Swami Dayanand Saraswati
(c) Swami Ramakrishna Paramhans
(d) Swami Ishwarchandra Vidhyasagar

87. Which of the following statements is /are correct?
(a) In 1829, William Bentinck declared Sati System an offence by law.

(b) The Government had passed an Act in 1856 under which Hindu widows could remarry. 

(c) Swami Dayanand Saraswati founded Arya Samaj in 1875

(d) Raja Ram Mohan Roy strongly opposed Sati system.

89. What did the Act V of 1843 make illegal?
(a) Child marriage 
(b) Infanticide
(c) Sati      
(d) Slavery

**90. Who among the following had played an important role in passing the Native Marriage Act of 1872? 
(a) Devendra Nath Tagore
(b) Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
(c) Keshav Chandra Sen
(d) Shyam Chandra Das

✓Marriage Act of 1872= 14 years for girls & 18 years for boys + Also known as Brahmo Marriage Act.

92. The Civil Marriage Act of 1872 had sought to curb the practice of child marriage by placing the minimum age  
of girls at:
(a) 14 years (b) 18 years
(c) 16 years (d) None of the above

**93. Consider the following passage:

 “Born in 1853 he was a Parsi from Western India. He was the editor of “Indian Spectator” and “Voice of India.” He was a social reformer and was the chief  
crusader for the Age of Consent Act 1891.
Who is being described in the above paragraph?

(a) Dadabhai Naoroji
(b) B. M. Malabari
(c) B.P. Wadia
(d) Naoroji Furdon Ji

94. What was the minimum marriageable age fixed under Sharda Act for boys and girls? 
(a) 12 and 16   (b) 14 and 18
(c) 15 and 21    (d) 16 and 22

✓ Sharda Act= Child Marriage Restraint Act, 1929.

95. Sharda Act related to –
 (a) Prevention of child marriage
 (b) Prevention of intercaste marriage
 (c) Prevention of widow marriage
 (d) Prevention of tribal marriage

96. Who founded the ‘Theosophical Society’?
(a) Madame H.P. Blavatsky
(b) Raja Ram Mohan Roy
(c) Mahatma Gandhi
(d) Swami Vivekananda

97. The success of the Theosophical Society in India was mainly due to –  
(a) Annie Besant (b) Colonel H.S. Alcott
(c) Sir William Crook (d) M.M. Malviya

98. Correctly matched
 (Organisation) ----              (Person )

(a) Young Bengal Movement --Henry Vivian Derozeo

(b) Bahishkrit Hitkarini Sabha -- Bhimrao Ambedkar.

(c) Theosophical Society -- Colonel Olcott

*(d) United Indian Patriotic Association -- Syed Ahmad

102. Correctly matched.
(a) Prarthana Samaj --Atmaram Pandurang
(b) Atmiya Sabha --- Raja Ram Mohan Roy

*(c) Brahmo Samaj of India -- Keshav Chandra Sen 

*(d) Radhaswami Satsang -- Tulsi Ram

103. Correctly matched.
*A. Brahmo Samaj (1828)--- Kolkata
*B. Manav Dharma Sabha --- Surat
C. Arya Samaj (1875)---Mumbai
D. Nadwah-ul-Ulama --- Lucknow

106. M.C. Setalvad, B.N. Rao, and Alladi Krishnaswamy Iyer were distinguished members of the:  
(a) Swaraj Party
(b) All India National Liberal Federation
(c) Madras Labour Union
(d) Servants of India Society

**110. Who was the founder of Bahujan Samaj?
(a) Sri Narayan Guru (b) Mukund Rao Patil
 (c) Dr. B.R. Ambedkar (d) B.R. Shinde

**111. The Rajamundri Social Reform Association to encourage widow re-marriage was founded in 1871 by - 
(a) Veeresalingam
 (b) K. Ramakrishan Pillai
 (c) K.T. Telang
 (d) Gopalachariar

112. Who demanded the right to enter temples that caused a terrible riot in Tirunevali in 1899? 
(a) Okalinga (b) Nadars
(c) Mahar     (d) Pali

✓Nadars demanded right to enter temples in 1899 + terrible riot in Tirunelveli district Tamil Nadu.

113. Who said that “If God were to tolerate untouchability, I would not recognize him as God at all.” 
(a) B.R. Ambedkar (b) Bal Gangadhar Tilak
 (c) Lala Lajpat Rai (d) Mahatma Gandhi

**114. Correctly matched.
A). Raja Ram Mohan Roy -- Purest form of Hinduism is contained in Upanishads

*B). Keshav Chandra Sen -- Brahmovad should be made the religion of the world.

C). Dayanand Saraswati - Identified Hinduism with religion instituted in Vedas

D).Ramakrishna Paramhansa- Emphasized that there are several ways to reach God.

115. Correctly matched
(a) A. Pandurang – Prarthana Samaj
(b) Dayanand Saraswati – Arya Samaj
*(c) Devendra Nath Tagore – Adi Brahma Samaj
*(d) Keshav Chandra Sen – Indian Brahmo Samaj

116. Who among the following social reformers was known for proficiency in the Sanskrit language? 
(a) Dayanand Saraswati
(b) Iswar Chandra Vidyasagar
(c) Raja Rammohan Roy
(d) All the above

117. Read the following statements carefully–
 1. Brahmo Samaj supported monotheism.

 2. Arya Samaj contributed to the development of education

 3. Swami Vivekanand founded
Ramakrishna Mission.

Answer on the basis of the following code-
 (a) 1, 2 and 3 are true (b) 1 and 2 and true
 (c) 1 and 3 are true      (d) 2 and 3 are true

118. The women’s movement in India started largely under the inspiration of : 
(a) Padmabai Ranaday (b) Annie Besant
 (c) Sarojini Naidu (d) Jyotiba Phule

119. What was common among Brahma Samaj, Ram Krishna Mission, and Arya Samaj?  
(a) None of these three had a political mission but they helped to develop a spirit of patriotism 

(b) All the three originated from Bengal 
(c) Founder of all the three was educated in England
(d) Founder of all the three took active part in politics

120. Which of the following statement is /are correct?
(a) Dr. Annie Besant was a Theosophist.

(b) The International headquarter of Theosophical society is in Madras

(c) Swami Dayanand founded Arya Samaj.

(d) Mahatma Gandhi was born in Gandhinagar.

✓✓Mahatma Gandhi = born in 1869, at Porbandar.

121. ‘Dar-ul-Ulum' was established by –
(a) Maulana Shibli Numani
(b) Maulavi Hussain Ahmad
(c) Maulavi Abdullah Chakralavi
(d) Maulana Ahmad Riza Khan

✓Dar-ul-Ulum= Established at Lucknow in 1898. 

122. The Deoband Movement in U.P. (United Province) started in the year  
(a) 1900 A.D. (b) 1888 A.D.
 (c) 1885 A.D. (d) 1866 A.D.

123. Who began the Faraizi Movement?
(a) Haji Shariatullah (b) Syed Ahmed
 (c) Salimullah (d) M.A. Jinnah

124. The Tarkeshwar Movement of 1924 in Bengal was against: 
(a) Corruption in temples 
(b) Violence
(c) Arrest of political leaders 
(d) Communalism

125. ‘Hali System’ concerned :
(a) Bonded labour
(b) Exploitation of peasants
(c) Untouchability
(d) Illiteracy


Socio-Religious Movements MCQ Socio-Religious Movements MCQ Reviewed by VK Singh on July 21, 2023 Rating: 5
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